Skin Diseases: Types of, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

Skin diseases are conditions that affect you emotionally. Skin diseases can cause rashes, inflammation, itching or other changes in the skin. Skin conditions can be genetic and can also be caused by allergies or lifestyle. Skin problems are treatable, you can solve the skin problems with medicines or creams or ointments as prescribed by the doctor.

What is skin disease?

Your skin is the largest organ in your body that covers and protects the rest of your body organs. The skin has many functions. The skin does not have one specific function in your life.

Skin Functions

  • Prevents dehydration.
  • Helps you feel sensations. You can feel cold, hot or painful.
  • Keeps you away from bacteria or viruses.
  • Keeps you away from the harmful rays of the sun.

Types of Skin Diseases

There are many different types of skin diseases, some skin diseases are so minor that you can ignore them. There are some skin diseases that change your lifestyle. Some skin diseases cause serious symptoms.


Acne is also a common skin disease, some acne will clear up on its own and some won’t go away without medication or ointment.

Alopecia areata

This disease mostly occurs in adulthood where you lose your hair in small patches.


Dry itchy skin leads to flaking or swelling.


This skin disease can make your skin scaly.

Skin Cancer

Uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells.

Harlequin Ichthyosis

You have a hard patch at birth.

Causes Of Skin Diseases

There are several skin conditions that have genetic causes, while there are many congenital conditions that can cause changes in your skin as you age, and some skin conditions that you may develop due to your lifestyle.

We have discussed the common causes of skin diseases in this article :

  • Bacteria get stuck in your skin pores or hair scalp.
  • If you have any disease related to kidney or thyroid, you can suffer from various skin diseases.
  • Eating foods related to allergens can cause itchiness.
  • You can suffer from various skin diseases as a result of color treatment or taking the wrong medicine.
  • Ultraviolet rays of the sun are very harmful for our skin.

 Symptoms Of Skin Diseases

Symptoms of skin problems are not all the same. The first symptoms we notice include itching, blisters. We will discuss all these and other symptoms below :

  • Dry skin
  • Rash or abscess
  • Spots like ringworm
  • Redness of the skin
  • rough skin
  • Swelling and soreness of the skin

Diagnosis And Testing

You can understand that you have skin disease based on some symptoms, but you can’t make the right treatment¬† without verifying a specific test and how to take treatment for it. There are a few tests that can help you know which skin diseases you have :

  • Biopsy

Your skin disease is diagnosed with this biopsy, which is examined under a microscope.

  • Wood Light Test

This test is done to see your skin color disease more clearly.

  • Skin patch test

Skin patch testing is done to check for allergic reactions.

  • Diascopy

Press the microscope slide against a patch of skin to see if the skin changes color.

Skin Diseases Treatment

  • Uses Of Antibiotic
  • Ointments
  • Moisturiser
  • Oral Tablets
  • Steroid
  • Operation

It is not possible to treat any disease on your own. For proper treatment, you should take doctor’s advice. It depends on whether you take medicine or ointment or cream as per the doctor’s advice or recommendation.


Skin diseases have become a common thing in today’s age due to heavy pollution but still if you take care of yourself by changing your lifestyle a little then you don’t have to face any major symptoms.

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